California law requires a child to ride in a car seat until he (or she is 4-years-old and weighs 40 pounds or more.

Three Ways to Protect Your Child!

Infant Seat
  • Infant seat faces rear only and is designed for infants up to a year old and weighing 20 pounds or less.
  • Seat semi-reclines at a 45-degree angle
Convertible Seat
  • Convertible seat can be used facing either to the rear for infants over one year, or to the front for older children up to 40 pounds.
  • When seat faces forward, it is in an upright position
Toddler/Child Seat
  • Seat faces forward only.
  • Can be used after the child is one-year-old and weighs 20 pounds or more.
  • Children may use booster seat when they are over 4-years-old and weigh over 40 pounds.

Child Safety Seat Checklist

  • If car has passenger-side airbag, it is recommended the child ride in the back seat.
  • Start the safety seat habit early - with the baby's first ride.
  • Follow manufacturer's instructions carefully.
  • Make sure the harness is in the proper slot of the car seat.
  • Fit harness/shield snugly to your child.
  • Fasten car seat tightly with a safety belt.
  • Don't use safety seats that have been involved in a crash.
  • It's the law. California law requires a child to ride in a car seat until he or she is 4-years-old and weighs 40 pounds or more.

Children can get very sick it they come in contact with medications, househould pesticides, chemicals, cosmetics (or plants.

Protect Your Child From Poison

Guidelines for Parents

Children can get very sick if they come in contact with medications, household pesticides, chemicals, cosmetics, or plants. This can happen at any age and can cause serious reactions. However, most children who come in contact with poison are not permanently harmed if they are treated right away. This information has been developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics to inform parents how to prevent poisonings and what to do if their child has been poisoned.


Young children are poisoned most commonly by things in the home such as:

• Drugs and medications (iron medications are one of the most common causes of poisonings in children under age 5).

• Cleaning products.

• Plants.

• Cosmetics.

• Pesticides.

• Paints and solvents.

Poison-proofing Your Home

  • Keep all drugs, medications, household cleaning products, and cosmetics locked up and out of your child's reach.
  • Use safety latches on drawers and cabinets that contain objects that might be dangerous to your child.
  • Keep a small bottle of syrup of ipecac on hand with your other medicines - out of children's reach. It is available without prescription at most pharmacies. Use it only with instructions from the poison center or your pediatrician.
  • Post the poison center and other emergency numbers near every phone in your home. Be sure that your baby-sitter knows how to use these numbers.
In the Kitchen

• Store cleaners, lye, furniture polish, dishwasher soap, and other dangerous products in a locked cabinet.

• If you must store items under the sink, use safety latches that lock every time you close the cabinet (most hardware and department stores have them).

• Never put dangerous substances into containers that look as if they might hold things your child usually eats or drinks.

In the Bathroom

• Buy and keep all medicines in containers with safety caps. Remember, however, that these caps are child-resistant, not childproof, so store them in a locked cabinet.

• Throw away any left-over prescription medicines.

• Do not keep toothpaste, soaps, shampoos, and other frequently used items in the same cabinet as dangerous products.

• Do not take medicines in front of small children; they may try to copy you.

• Never say that a medicine is candy in order to get your child to take it.

• Check the label every time you give medication. This will help you to be sure you are giving the right medicine in the right amounts. Mistakes are more common in the middle of the night, so always turn on a light when handling any medication.

In the Garage and Basement

• Keep paints, varnishes, thinners, pesticides, and fertilizers in a locked cabinet in their original, labeled containers.

• Read labels on all household products before you buy them. Try to find the least toxic ones for the job. Buy only what you need to use right away.

• Never put poisonous or toxic products in containers that were once used for food, especially empty drink bottles, cans, or cups.

• Never run your car in a closed garage. Be sure that coal, wood, or kerosene stoves are in a good working order. If you smell gas, turn off the stove or gas burner, leave the house, and call the gas company.

This information is provided by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Brought to you by The California Children & Families Commission. Funded by Prop. 10. For more information please call (800) KIDS-025.
About 2-1/2 million children are injured (or killed by hazards in the home each year.

Childproofing Your Home

About 2.5 million children are injured or killed by hazards in the home each year. The good news is that many of these incidents can be prevented - by using simple child safety devices on the market today.

Any safety device you buy should be sturdy enough to prevent injury to your child, yet easy for you to use. It's important to follow installation instructions carefully. In addition, if you have older children in the house, be sure they resecure safety devices. Remember, too, that no device is completely childproof; determined youngsters have been known to disable them. Here are some child safety devices that can help prevent many injuries to young children.

12 Safety Devices to Protect Your Children

Safety Latches and Locks on cabinets and drawers can help prevent children from gaining access to medicines and household cleaners, as well as knives and other sharp objects. Look for safety latches and locks that adults can easily install and use, but are sturdy enough to withstand pulls and tugs from children. Safety latches are not a guarantee of protection, but they can make it more difficult for children to reach dangerous substances. Even products with child-resistant packaging should be locked away, out of reach; this packaging is not childproof.

Safety Gates can help keep children away from stairs or rooms that have hazards in them. Look for safety gates that children cannot dislodge easily, but that adults can open and close without difficulty. For the top of stairs, gates that screw to the wall are more secure than "pressure gates."

New safety gates that meet safety standards display a certification seal from the Juvenile Product Manufacturers Association (JMPA). If you have an older safety gate, be sure it doesn't have "W" shapes that are large enough for a child's head and neck to fit into.

Door Knobs and Door Locks can help keep children away from places with hazards, including swimming pools. Be sure the door knob cover is sturdy enough not to break, but allows a door to be opened quickly by an adult in case of emergency. By restricting access to potentially hazardous rooms in the home, door knob covers could help prevent many kinds of injuries. To prevent access to swimming pools, door locks should be placed high out of reach of young children. Locks should be used in addition to fences and door alarms. Sliding glass doors, with locks that must be re-secured after each use, are often not an effective barrier to pools.

Anti-Scald Devices for regulating water temperature can help prevent burns. Consider using antiscald devices for faucets and showerheads. A plumber may need to install these. In addition, if you live in your own home, set water heater temperature to 120 degrees Fahrenheit to help prevent burns from hot water.

Smoke Detectors are essential safety devices for protection against fire deaths and injuries. Check smoke detectors once a month to make sure they're working. If detectors are battery-operated, change batteries at least once a year or consider using 10-year batteries.

Window Guards & Safety Netting for balconies and decks can help prevent serious falls. Check these safety devices frequently to make sure they are secure and properly installed and maintained. There should be no more than four inches between the bars of the window guard. If you have window guards, be sure at least one window in each room can be easily used for escape in a fire. Window screens are not effective for preventing children from failing out of windows.

Corners & Edge Bumpers can be used with furniture and fireplace hearths to help prevent injuries from falls or to soften falls against sharp or rough edges. Be sure to look for bumpers that stay securely on furniture or hearth edges.

Outlet Covers & Outlet Plates can help protect children from electric shock and possible electrocution. Be sure the outlet protectors cannot be easily removed by children and are large enough so that children cannot choke on them.

A Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detector can help prevent CO poisoning. Consumers should install CO detectors near sleeping areas in their homes. Households that should use CO detectors include those with gas or oil heat or with attached garages.

Window Blind Cord Safety Tassels on miniblinds, and tension devices on vertical blinds and drapery cords can help prevent deaths and injuries from strangulation in the loops of cords. For older miniblinds, cut the cord loop, remove the buckle, and put safety tassels on each cord. Be sure that older vertical blinds and drapery cords have tension or tie-down devices to hold the cords tight. When buying new miniblinds, verticals, and draperies, ask for safety features to prevent child strangulation.

Door Stops & Door Holders on doors and door hinges can help prevent small fingers and hands from being pinched or crushed in doors and door hinges. Be sure any safety device for doors is easy to use and is not likely to break into small parts, which could be a choking hazard for young children.

Cordless Phones help you watch your child continuously, without leaving the vicinity to answer a phone call. Cordless phones are especially helpful when children are in or near water, whether it's the bathtub, the swimming pool, or the beach.
Shopping for Safety Devices

You can childproof your home for a fraction of what it would cost to have a professional do it. And safety devices are easy to find. You can buy them at hardware stores, baby equipment shops, supermarkets, drug stores, home and linen stores, and through mail order catalogues.

Here are some typical costs for child safety devices:

SAFETY LATCH or LOCK less than $2.
SAFETY GATE $13 to $40
DOOR LOCK $5 and up
SMOKE DETECT less than $10
OUTLET COVER less than $2.
WINDOW BLIND CORD SAFETY TASSELS Free by calling 800-506-4636
DOOR STOP and DOOR HOLDER less than $4.

This information is provided by U.S. CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION, Washington, DC 20207. Web Site:, Toll-free hotline: (800) 638-2772. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSQ) is a federal agency that helps keep families and children safe in and around their homes.